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Mark Adrignola behavior modification conference zap photographs

 Collection — Folder: 1
Identifier: Coll2014-120

Scope and Content

The Gay Liberation Front (GLF) members interrupted Dr. M. Philip Feldman's film documenting aversion therapy treatments of gays and took control of the behavioral modification conference session. Dr. Albert Marston of the University of Southern California, the moderator of the session, and GLF members agreed to break into small groups to discuss aversion therapy. Arignola captured the event and sold his photographs to the The Advocate. His photographs include images of Tony De Rosa, Lee Heflin, Morris Kight, Don Kilhefner, Brenda Weathers, Carolyn Weathers, and Del Whan (identified as Dell Reed).

Mitchell, Pam. "Honey, We Unshunk the Shrinks." In Smash the Church, Smash the State!: The Early Years of Gay Liberation, edited by Tommi Avicolli.Mecca, 182-189. San Francisco, Calif: City Lights Books, 2009.

"Psychologists get Gay Lib 'therapy," The Advocate November 11-24, 1970.


  • 1970


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Biographical Note

Mark Adrignola was born and raised in the midwestern United States, he relocated to Los Angeles where he met Walt Blumoff, a freelance photographer. Blumoff asked Adrignola to join him in photographing Gay Liberation Front (GLF) zap of the Behavioral Modification Conference in Los Angeles. Adrignola had recently received a new camera and was eager to give it a try. The Advocate selected his images for the news article published in the Novermber 11, 1970 issue on pages one and three.

He later moved to Houston and then Thailand. In 2014, he married his husband.


1 folder ([2 contact sheets, 11 photographic prints, and 2 negative strips] )

Language of Materials



Negatives, contact sheets, and photographic prints of the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) zap of the Behavior Modification Conference in Los Angeles, California, photographed by Mark Adrignola. Adrignola and Walter Blumoff had documented the event as freelance photographers. The Advocate published Adrignola's photographs in the November 11, 1970 issue on page one and page three.

Immediate Source of Acquistion

Deed of gift dated, December 05, 2013.

Processing information

Collection processed by Michael C. Oliveira, November 2014.

Finding aid to the Mark Adrignola behavioral modification conference zap photographs
Michael C. Oliveira
(c) 2014
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Repository Details

Part of the ONE Archives at the USC Libraries, University of Southern California Repository

909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles California 90007 United States
(213) 821-2771