Michael A. Lombardi and Paul J. Nash papers
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection consists of writings, publications, correspondence, photocopies, manuscripts, notes, photographs, programs, ephemera, and other material documenting the lives and intellectual interests of partners and gay rights activists Michael Lombardi and Paul Nash. The materials relate in particular to their mutual interest in pioneer German gay activist Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, whose works Lombardi has translated. The collection also documents Nash's work as a newspaper journalist and editor, first at the Los Angles Collegian and later at the gay newspaper Update. Subject and chronological files demonstrate the range of their interests and their involvement in the GLBT community in Southern California and its struggle for legal and social recognition. The collection is arranged in eight series: (1) Michael A. Lombardi, (2) Paul J. Nash, (3) Karl Heinrich Ulrichs website, (4) Subject and Chronological Files, (5) Publications, (6) Photographs, (7) Audio, and (8) Ephemera and Memorabilia.
- Creation: 1731-2008
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
Michael Anthony Lombardi was born in Hawick, Scotland, on August 11, 1947, the son of Antonio and Clementina (Morelli) Lombardi. He was raised in an Italian colony in Dublin, Ireland, and immigrated to the United States with his family in 1959. He received his primary and secondary education in Catholic and public schools in Lynwood, California. He interrupted his high school studies in Los Angeles and joined the U.S. Army in 1966, where he received his high school equivalency diploma. After completing his tour of duty, he received his A.A. degree from Compton Junior College, and entered the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), where he graduated with a B.A. in German in 1973. He then entered the UCLA graduate program in German, spending his second year of graduate study at the Gesamthochschule Essen. He became a candidate for the M.A. in 1977, but did not take the degree. In 1983, he resumed graduate study at the ONE Institute for Homophile Studies Graduate School, earning an M.A. and Ph.D. in Homophile Studies in 1984 and 1986, respectively.
Lombardi first became acquainted with the writings of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895), the pioneering German theorist and activist for the legal and social rights of homosexuals, in 1977. From 1979 onwards he translated Ulrichs' works, which he and Paul Nash, his partner since 1972, published privately as "Urania Manuscripts". In 1990, he was approached by Vern Bullough, general editor of Prometheus Books' series on human sexuality, to translate the works of Magnus Hirschfeld. His translation of Hirschfeld's Die Transvestiten (1910) appeared in 1991, and of Hirschfeld's Die Homosexualität des Mannes und des Weibes (1914) in 2000. He has also published a translation of Ernest Borneman's Das Geschlechtsleben des Kindes (1985).
Paul Nash was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on February 20, 1934. After graduating from highschool, he spent two years in the U.S. Navy, after which he attended college. In 1962, he moved to Los Angeles, where he was employed in hospital administration and where he met Michael Lombardi, who became his partner in 1972. During the 1970s Nash and Lombardi became increasingly active in civil and gay rights. In 1975, Nash entered Los Angeles City College to study writing, and became involved in newspaper journalism. He served as Executive Editor of the Los Angeles Collegian in 1978. From 1980 to 1983 he was also Los Angeles City Editor of Update, a gay newspaper serving San Diego and Los Angeles. He was editor and principal financial supporter of "Urania Manuscripts", which he and Lombardi founded to privately publish the latter's translations of the works of Ulrichs and other European writers on homosexuality. The couple also runs the Karl Heinrich Ulrichs website at
In 1988, Michael Lombardi and Paul Nash moved from Los Angeles to Jacksonville, Florida, where they currently reside.
Michael A. Lombardi and Paul J. Nash Papers, Coll2008-011, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Website,
24.75 Linear Feet (17 records boxes + 5 archive cartons + 4 archive half-cartons + 1 archive shoebox + 3 oversize boxes.)
Language of Materials
Writings, publications, correspondence, photocopies, manuscripts, notes, photographs, programs, ephemera, and other material documenting the lives and intellectual interests of partners and gay rights activists Michael Lombardi and Paul Nash. The materials relate in particular to their mutual interest in pioneer German gay activist Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, whose works Lombardi has translated. The collection also documents Nash's work as a newspaper journalist and editor, first at the Los Angles Collegian and later at the gay newspaper Update. Subject and chronological files demonstrate the range of their interests and their involvement in the GLBT community in Southern California and its struggle for legal and social recognition.
Gifts of Michael A. Lombardi and Paul J. Nash, 1998 and 2012.
Separated Material, 2013
VHS separated to the ONE audiovisual collection:
1993 and 2000 March on Washington
After Stonewall, 1999
The Birdcage. 1996
In & Out, 1997
Paragraph 175, 2000
Periodicals separated to the ONE periodical collection:
Gays on the Hill, v.3, no.2 (November-December 1978)
It's Time, newsletter of the National Gay Task Force, v.5, no.10 (December 1978)
Latinos Unidos (August and Semptember 1977)
The Lesbian News, no.42 (January 1979)
The L.O.V.E.R. Home Companion, v.2, no.5 (1978)
Unannotated visitor guides and maps for Abruzzo, Italy; L'Aquila, Italy; and Minden, Germany.
Separated Material, 2008
Update, issues 48-75 (January 9, 1981-January 29, 1982), and The West Hollywood Paper, vol. 1, no. 12 (November 7-14, 1985), removed to ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives Periodicals Collection, December 1, 2008.
anon. n.d. Die Bibel oder die ganze Heilige Schrift des Alten und Neuen Testaments. Cleveland: Central Publishing House.
anon. n.d. Holy Bible with Helps. Revised Standard Version. Nelson.
Baker's pocket Bible concordance. 1974. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Book House.
Bell, Robert R., and Michael Gordon. 1972. The social dimension of human sexuality. Boston: Little, Brown.
Bollé, Michael. 1984. Eldorado: homosexuelle Frauen u. Männer in Berlin 1850 - 1950; Geschichte, Alltag u. Kultur; [Ausstellung im Berlin-Museum, 26. Mai - 8. Juli 1984]. Berlin: Frölich und Kaufmann.
Boswell, John. 1980. Christianity, social tolerance, and homosexuality: gay people in Western Europe from the beginning of the Christian era to the fourteenth century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bullough, Bonnie, Vern L. Bullough, and James Elias. 1997. Gender blending. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
Confraternity of Christian Doctrine. 1954 (1941). A catechism of Christian doctrine. No. 2. Paterson: St. Anthony Guild Press.
Dannecker, Martin. 1981. Theories of homosexuality. London: Gay Men's Press.
Dynes, Wayne R. 1987. Homosexuality: a research guide. New York: Garland Pub.
Jellonnek, Burkhard. 1990. Homosexuelle unter dem Hakenkreuz: die Verfolgung von Homosexuellen im Dritten Reich. Paderborn: F. Schöningh.
LeVay, Simon. 1996. Queer science the use and abuse of research into homosexuality. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
Los Angeles City College. 1980. Citadel. Volume 21. Los Angeles: Los Angeles City College.
Order of St. Benedict (ed.). 1960 (1959). Our Parish prays and sings. Dialog Mass, Hymns, Chants. Collegeville: The liturgical press.
Robb, Graham. 2004. Strangers: homosexual love in the nineteenth century. New York: W.W. Norton.
Williams, Walter L. 1986. The spirit and the flesh: sexual diversity in American Indian culture. Boston: Beacon Press.
Whitman, Walt. 1926. Leaves of grass. Garden City: Doubleday & Company.
Formerly boxes 103-88, 103-166, 103-167, 103-171 through 103-178, 104-125, and 104-129. Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, October-December, 2008. Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Four boxes processed by Charlie Kaufhold and Kyle Morgan were integrated into the collection on June 2013. Processing this accretion was funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Genre / Form
- Gay rights -- Germany
- Gay rights -- United States
- Gays -- Biography
- Homosexuality -- Germany -- History
- Homosexuality -- Netherlands -- History
- Homosexuality -- Political aspects -- California -- Los Angeles
- Homosexuality -- Social aspects -- California -- Los Angeles
- Jews -- Persecutions
- Smithsonian magazine, September 2008. The New York Times Magazine, September 8, 2002. Time Magazine (23 issues, 1999, 2002, 2007, 2009-2010.)
- Finding Aid to the Michael A. Lombardi and Paul J. Nash Papers
- Michael P. Palmer, 2008. Updated by Kyle Morgan, 2013.
- © 2008, © 2013
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in: English
- Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.