Judd Marmor papers
Scope and Content of Collection
The collection comprises correspondence, journal articles, drafts, speeches, notes, legal papers, and subject files created by Marmor in the course of his research on homosexuality. The majority of Marmor?s publications represented in the collection date from the early 1970s, when he was a leader in the successful movement to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The correspondence includes several handwritten letters from his colleague and friend, Evelyn Hooker, as well as offprints of several of her pioneering articles. The collection also contains legal affidavits, testimony, correspondence, and other materials documenting Marmor?s role as an expert witness on behalf of gay plaintiffs--most often to counter the testimony of Charles W. Socarides, Paul Cameron, and Harold M. Voth--in several legal cases, most importantly Baker v. Wade in Texas, and Evans v. Romer in Colorado. The collection includes several photographs of Marmor, together with leading activists Barbara Gittings and Frank Kameny, and masked gay psychiatrist "Dr. H. Anonymous" at the May 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association.
- Marmor, Judd (Person)
The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.
Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).
Judd Marmor was born in London, England, in 1910, the son of a Yiddish scholar. He grew up in Chicago, and later moved to New York, where he supported himself through Columbia College with odd jobs and debating scholarships. He earned his medical degree from Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1933, and went into private psychiatric practice in New York. In 1946, after serving in the Navy during World War II, he moved to Los Angeles, where he gained prominence as an analyst to Hollywood celebrities. He was also widely respected as an analyst and scholar, publishing more than 350 papers and writing or editing six books, including the classic text Modern Psychoanalysis, first published in 1968. He served as director of the psychiatry division at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center from 1965 to 1972. From 1972 to 1980 he was Franz Alexander Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Southern California, and from 1980 to 1985 adjunct professor of psychiatry at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Marmor had begun to treat homosexual patients who wanted to change their orientation in the 1940s. Although he originally held the belief that homosexuality was an illness, his clinical experiences with gay patients and later his social interactions with gays who were happy with their lives and emotionally well-adjusted convinced him that homosexuality was not pathological. His view was supported and influenced by the Evelyn Hooker's groundbreaking study, published in 1957, which found no measurable psychological difference between heterosexual and homosexual men. Marmor asked Hooker to write a chapter for his first book on homosexuality, Sexual Inversion, published in 1965; she in turn recruited him for the National Institute of Mental Health Task Force on Homosexuality in 1969. The two became close colleagues and friends, often lecturing together.
The evolution of Marmor's view of homosexuality as a normal condition coincided with the growth of gay and lesbian activism. At the 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association in Dallas, Marmor, then Vice President of the organization, participated in a dramatic presentation with fellow psychiatrist Robert Seidenburg, gay activist Franklin Kameny, lesbian activist Barbara Gittings, and a gay psychiatrist wearing a mask and identifying himself as "Dr. H. Anonymous". The following year, Marmor played a critical role in the campaign to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The issue was so controversial that it was placed before the full membership, which adopted the resolution to remove homosexuality from the Manual in a split vote in December 1973. The removal of homosexuality from the list of mental disorders was one of the single most important events in the modern history of the gay movement, and by taking away part of the basis for disparaging and belittling gays and lesbians was crucial in breaking down other barriers.
Marmor continued to see patients until shortly before his death. He also served for many years as advisor to Abigail Van Buren, who wrote the "Dear Abby" newspaper column and was one of the first national figures to support gay rights. He and his wife were also serious collectors of art, lending and giving many artworks to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. He died in Los Angeles at the age of 93, on December 16, 2003, a day after the 30th anniversary of the American Psychiatric Association's vote to remove homosexuality from its Diagnostic Manual.
Source: Obituary by Elaine Woo, Los Angeles Times, December 20, 2003, p. B20.
1.7 Linear Feet (4 boxes.)
Language of Materials
Correspondence, journal articles, drafts, speeches, notes, legal papers, and subject files created by Los Angeles psychiatrist Judd Marmor (1910-2003), a leader in the successful movement to remove homosexuality from the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, in the course of his research on homosexuality. Materials include several handwritten letters from Evelyn Hooker, as well as legal affidavits, testimony, and other materials documenting Marmor's role as an expert witness on behalf of gay plaintiffs--most often to counter the testimony of Charles W. Socarides, Paul Cameron, and Harold M. Voth--in several legal cases, most importantly Baker v. Wade in Texas, and Evans v. Romer in Colorado. The collection also includes several photographs of Marmor, together with leading activists Barbara Gittings and Frank Kameny, and masked gay psychiatrist "Dr. H. Anonymous" at the May 1972 annual convention of the American Psychiatric Association.
Donor and date of gift unknown.
Formerly boxes 103-226 and 104-36. Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, April 18, 2007
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
- Actions and defenses -- Baker v. Wade
- Actions and defenses -- Evans v. Romer
- Cameron, Paul M.
- Homosexuality -- Law and legislation -- Colorado
- Homosexuality -- Law and legislation -- Texas
- Homosexuality -- Law and legislation -- United States
- Homosexuality -- Psychological aspects
- Homosexuality -- Research
- Homosexuality -- Social aspects
- Hooker, Evelyn Caldwell
- Socarides, Charles W.
- Finding aid to the Judd Marmor papers
- Michael P. Palmer
- © 2007
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in: English