Pedro Loureiro papers
Scope and Contents
The Pedro Loureiro papers (1910-2016, bulk 1930-1945) consist of reports, memos, and correspondence relating to the United States Navy, Army, and Marine Corps stationed in China and Japan during the late 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, and documents the political, economic, military, and social conditions in East Asia, as well as its relations with the United States during these periods. The majority of the material is comprised of items specific to China and Japan during the 1930s and 1940s, including the United States Asiatic Fleet and The United States Marine Corps, particularly the 4th Regiment, and Naval Attaché and intelligence reports.
The remainder of the collection consists of declassified files from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, oral histories, articles and clippings, and materials relating to the United States 10th Army, as well as to China in the 1930s.
- Majority of material found in 1930-1945
- Loureiro, Pedro (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Pedro A. Loureiro is a Navy historian, curator, archivist, and USC alum who has concentrated much of his research on pre-war Japanese espionage and relations with the United States. As a graduate student majoring in Asian and Military History at San Diego State University in the 1980s, Loureiro's thesis centered on U.S. Counter-Intelligence against Japanese subversion and espionage in Southern California from 1938 to 1944.
From 1988 to 1995, Loureiro was a student at USC, where he received an M.A. and a Ph.D. His studies focused on Military History, Intelligence studies, Japanese-American History, Modern China and Modern Japan, Records Management, Oral/Video History, and Grant Writing.
During the course of his academic career, Loureiro sought materials from the United States Office of Naval Intelligence. Many of the items he received access to make up this voluminous collection, as well as additional declassified documents obtained from other government agencies, such as the National Security Agency (NSA) -- which declassified 1.3 million pages of cryptologic documents in 1996, making them available to the public -- and the U.S. Department of Justice.
Loureiro has written many journal articles on East Asian and American relations, including "Japanese Espionage and American Countermeasures in Pre-Pearl Harbor California", which was published in the Journal of American-East Asian Relations in 1994.
He was the curator of the Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College from 1998 to 2009, an archivist at the Defense Imagery Management Operations Center from 2009 to 2016, and currently works as a historian for the U.S. Department of the Navy.
Loureiro will soon be featured on the Smithsonian Channel regarding his collection at USC as well as his academic career as a historian, scholar, and curator.
12.5 Linear Feet (13 boxes)
Language of Materials
The Pedro Loureiro papers have been organized into the following series: 1. Naval Intelligence; 2. Naval Attaché reports; 3. United States Marine Corps (USMC); 4. Asiatic Fleet; 5. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); 6. United States 10th Army; 7. China; 8. Oral histories; 9. Articles, clippings, and research materials.
Materials were found to be primarily in chronological order, except for oral histories, which were largely alphabetical. These arrangements have been maintained.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Annual reports
- Espionage, Japanese -- United States -- Archival resources
- Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972 -- Archives
- Loureiro, Pedro -- Archives
- Military attachés -- China -- Beijing -- Archival resources
- Military attachés -- Japan -- Tokyo -- Archival resources
- Oral histories (document genres)
- Propaganda, Japanese -- United States -- Archival resources
- Research (documents)
- Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 -- Archives
- United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation -- Archives
- United States. Marine Corps. Marine Regiment, 4th -- Archives
- United States. Navy. Asiatic Fleet -- Archives
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Japan -- Okinawa Island -- Archival resources
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Cryptography -- Archival resources
- Yarnell, Harry E. (Harry Ervin), 1875-1959 -- Archives
- Finding aid for the Pedro Loureiro papers
- Sarah Cassone
- 2018 February
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the USC Libraries East Asian Library Repository
Doheny Memorial Library
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles California 90089-1825 United States