Young Oak Kim Biography papers
Scope and Contents
The Young Oak Kim Biography papers (1944-1953, 1999), consist of military documents and audiovisual materials relating to Young Oak Kim’s involvement in World War II and the Korean War, collected and created by Woo Sung Han during the writing of the biography “Unsung Hero: the Col. Young O. Kim Story.” The majority of the material is comprised of military documents from the 1940s and 1950s, in the form of command and intelligence reports, relating to the US Army’s 442nd Regimental Combat Team and 31st Infantry, both of which Kim served under during World War II and Korean War respectively. These items have been declassified and were photocopied from the National Archives. Each report is hundreds of pages long, and remain loose inside archival boxes.
The significant date gap within the collection is reflected through the audiovisual materials, which were created in 1999 by Han during the research and writing process of his book. They comprise primarily audiocassette tapes of informal interviews with Kim as well as with Military colleagues and officials who served with him during World War II and the Korean War. The remainder of the collection consists of one VHS tape regarding Kim’s career with the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and a typed transcript and floppy disk of an interview with General William McCaffrey, Kim’s commanding officer during the Korean War.
- 1944-1953, 1999
- Kim, Yŏng-ok, 1919-2005 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Young Oak Kim, born in Los Angeles in 1919, was a Korean American United States Army officer during World War II and the Korean War, as well as a civic leader and humanitarian. He was a member of the U.S. 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. He was also a combat leader in Italy and France during World War II. During the Korean War, Kim was assigned to the 31st Infantry of the 7th Infantry Division. The 31st Infantry played a significant role in stopping Chinese troops and pushing them back above the 38th parallel. Shortly after this, Kim was seriously wounded in combat. He served out the remainder of his participation in the Korean War as the commander of the 31st Infantry’s 1st Battalion, the first minority officer in U.S. History to do so. After serving a year in this post, Kim left Korea in September of 1952.
Thereafter, Kim became an instructor at the U.S. Army Infantry School in Fort Benning, Georgia, was both a staff officer and lieutenant colonel in Germany, and was an instructor of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. In the 1960s, Kim returned to Korea as a U.S. Military Advisor to the South Korean army and was thereafter promoted to rank of colonel. Kim has been awarded 19 decorations and medals for his military service, including the Distinguished Silver Cross, the Purple Heart, the American Defensive Service Medal, the Silver Star, and the Bronze Star. After 30 years of experience, Kim retired from military service in 1972 with 80% disability.
In 1973, Kim joined Special Services for Groups (SSG), a non-profit health and human service organization. His interest led him to serving on the Board of United Way, where he would remain for 10 years, focusing his efforts on underserved ethnic communities in Los Angeles and working with providing them linguistic and cultural competent services. He was integral in adding various Asian American Centers to the United Way, as well as diversifying the Board by including more Asian American members.
In 1975, Kim founded the Korean Youth and Cultural Center, now entitled the Koreatown Youth and Community Center. From 1986 to 1988, he served as a member of Serving the Family and Friends of Keiro Homes, and throughout the 1990s was Chairman of the Center for Pacific Asian Families, which focused on addressing violence and sexual assault in Asian and Pacific Islander communities. From 1989 until 2005, Kim served as Chairman of the 100th/442nd/MIS Memorial Foundation. Kim died as a result of cancer on December 29, 2005.
In 2010, the Young Oak Kim Center for Korean American Studies opened at the University of California, Riverside. The Young Oak Kim Center is the publisher of “Unsung Hero: the Col. Young O. Kim Story”, written by Woo Sung Han and translated into English by Professor Edward T. Chang. Han was a member of the Korean Air Force. Along with his biography on Kim has written about Korean American Pioneer Aviators. His research materials regarding Kim’s military career comprise this collection.
5 Linear Feet (7 boxes)
Language of Materials
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Biography (genre)
- Han, Woo Sung -- Archives
- Interviews (Sound recordings)
- Kim, Yŏng-ok, 1919-2005 -- Archives
- Korean American men -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archival resources
- Korean American soldiers -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archival resources
- Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Personal narratives -- Archival resources
- Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Regimental histories -- Archival resources
- McCaffrey, William J. (William Joseph), 1914-2006 -- Archives
- Military records
- Finding aid for the Young Oak Kim Biography papers
- Sarah Cassone
- 2018 March
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the USC Libraries East Asian Library Repository
Doheny Memorial Library
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles California 90089-1825 United States