Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records
Scope and Content
The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, article clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared, 1976-1980.
- Los Angeles Unified School District (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Regional History Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977 the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of if not the most drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The board proposed a desegregation busing plan which would be implemented in 1978. In response to the proposal the group Bustop Inc. filed two lawsuits which were petitioned to the United States Supreme Court to stop the enforced busing plan. Both lawsuits were titled Bustop, Inc. v. Los Angeles Board of Education and the Supreme Court denied both petitions.
Following the proposed busing plan, California voters ratified California Constitutional Proposition 1 to stop mandatory pupil reassignment and busing within the LAUSD unless the reassignment was mandated by a federal court to remedy a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Federal Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment. The proposition passed in 1979 with 70% of the vote. In 1982, the Supreme Court heard the case and the Court agreed that Proposition 1 did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.
Wikipedia contributors, "Desegregation busing in the United States," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desegregation_busing_in_the_United_States (accessed December 21, 2010).
4 Linear Feet (4 boxes)
Language of Materials
The records are organized into six series: Court Records, Reports Entered in Case, Office of Superintendent, Aguilar v. Board of Education, Phillip B. Jordan Memos, and William J. Johnston Memos. Original order was kept in organizing the collection and for the most part, original folder titles and series names were used in describing the materials.
The collection was transferred from USC's Education Library to Special Collections in December, 1991.
- Arias, M. Beatriz -- Archives
- Bustop (Organization) -- Archive
- Carillo, Jess M. -- Archives
- Crawford, Mary Ellen -- Archives
- Education -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archival resources
- Farley, Reynolds -- Archives
- Johnston, William J. -- Archives
- Jordan, Phillip B. -- Archives
- Los Angeles (Calif.) -- History -- 20th century -- Archival resources
- Los Angeles (Calif.). Board of Education -- Archives
- Los Angeles Unified School District -- Archives
- Los Angeles Unified School District. Office of Government Relations -- Archives
- Orfield, Gary -- Archives
- Pettigrew, Thomas F. -- Archives
- Rabinovitz, Francine F. -- Archives
- School integration -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archival resources
- School integration -- Law and legislation -- Archival resources
- Segregation in education -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archival resources
- The Finding Aid of the Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records
- Katie Richardson
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- The processing of this collection and the creation of this finding aid was funded by the generous support of the Council on Library and Information Resources.
Part of the USC Libraries Special Collections Repository
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles California 90089-0189 United States