Gerber (Henry) collection Edit

Summary

Identifier
Coll2013-034
Finding Aid Author
Kyle Morgan
Finding Aid Date
(c) 2013
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of Description
Description is in <language langcode="eng" scriptcode="Latn">English.</language>
Sponsor
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Dates

  • circa 1940-1998 (Creation)

Extents

  • 0.2 Linear Feet (Whole)
    1 archive carton

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Acquisition

    Most of the correspondence and articles consist of photocopies from the ONE Incorporated Records and Manuel boyFrank Papers as well as photocopies collected and donated by Anthony Segura at an unknown date.

  • Scope and Contents

    Henry Gerber correspondence and writings as well as biographical information written about Henry Gerber, circa 1940-1998. Correspondence consists of photocopies of letters with ONE Institute and periodical editors. Articles include Gerber's "In Defense of Homosexuality," "The Society for Human Rights--1925," and "Can Homosexuals Be Cured." The collection includes two copies of a black-and-white photographic print of Gerber.

  • Related Materials

    ONE Incorporated Records, Coll2011.001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

    Manuel boyFrank Papers, Coll2013-028, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

  • Conditions Governing Access

    The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

  • Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

  • Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder #, or item name] Henry Gerber Collection, Coll2013-034, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California.

  • Processing Information

    Collection processed by Kyle Morgan, 2013.

  • Abstract

    Often referred to as the forefather of the United States gay movement, Henry Gerber in 1924 created the first known gay organization in the United States, the Society for Human Rights, and the first known gay publication, Friendship and Freedom. The collection consists of Henry Gerber correspondence and writings as well as biographical information written about Henry Gerber, circa 1940-1998.

  • Biography

    Often referred to as the forefather of the United States gay movement, Henry Gerber was born in 1892 in Bavaria and moved to the United States in 1913. Gerber joined the United States armed forces in 1917 and continued on as part of the German occupation force through 1923. Becoming acquainted with the German group Bund fur Menshenrecht (Society for Human Rights), he tried to create a similar group when he returned to Chicago. Gerber signed the charter for the Society for Human Rights in 1924 and published two issues of Friendship and Freedom before being shut down by local police. Although the case was dismissed, the defense cost him his life savings, his job as a postal worker, and all materials related to the Society for Human Rights. Gerber reenlisted in the armed forces in 1927 and retired in New York City with an honorable discharge in 1945. From 1930-1939, Gerber published the periodical Contacts as a conduit for pen-pal correspondence, but also discreetly to provide a means for gay men to make connections. He also wrote articles for the 1934 publication Chanticleer defending homosexuality. Through the 1950s, Gerber worked at a distance for the Mattachine Society in New York and ONE Magazine. His life ended at the United States Soldiers' Home in Washington, D.C., in 1972.

Instances

  • Type
    Mixed Materials
    Container 1 Type
    Box
    Container 1 Indicator
    1

Components