The Youth Opportunities Board (YOB) was established in Los Angeles County in 1962--as a Joint Powers agency incorporating school, probation, and social services--to address high levels of both juvenile delinquency and unemployment among out-of-school youth. Three volumes of a 1963 YOB proposal, in the collection, to remedy "youth failure" in South Central Los Angeles, reflect a then typical approach to multiple problems in impoverished communities.
One year later, the federal War On Poverty was launched. The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 provided extraordinary funds for poverty programs and called for "maximum participation of the poor themselves", a requirement disqualifying the YOB as an all-professional body with little community representation. Changing its name to the Economic and Youth Opportunity Agency (EYOA), the group nonetheless served as a coordinating agency and prime contractor for many federal anti-poverty programs.