Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records Edit

Summary

Identifier
0234
Finding Aid Author
Katie Richardson
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Sponsor
The processing of this collection and the creation of this finding aid was funded by the generous support of the Council on Library and Information Resources.

Dates

  • 1976-1980 (Creation)

Extents

  • 4 Linear Feet (Whole)
    4 boxes

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Abstract

    Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977, the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of, if not the most, drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, articles clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared. The collection dates from 1976-1980.

  • Conditions Governing Access

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

  • Preferred Citation

    [Box/folder# or item name], Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records, Collection no. 0234, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

  • Conditions Governing Use

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Regional History Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

  • Organization

    The records are organized into six series: Court Records, Reports Entered in Case, Office of Superintendent, Aguilar v. Board of Education, Phillip B. Jordan Memos, and William J. Johnston Memos. Original order was kept in organizing the collection and for the most part, original folder titles and series names were used in describing the materials.

  • Historical note

    Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977 the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of if not the most drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The board proposed a desegregation busing plan which would be implemented in 1978. In response to the proposal the group Bustop Inc. filed two lawsuits which were petitioned to the United States Supreme Court to stop the enforced busing plan. Both lawsuits were titled Bustop, Inc. v. Los Angeles Board of Education and the Supreme Court denied both petitions.

    Following the proposed busing plan, California voters ratified California Constitutional Proposition 1 to stop mandatory pupil reassignment and busing within the LAUSD unless the reassignment was mandated by a federal court to remedy a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Federal Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment. The proposition passed in 1979 with 70% of the vote. In 1982, the Supreme Court heard the case and the Court agreed that Proposition 1 did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.

    Wikipedia contributors, "Desegregation busing in the United States," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desegregation_busing_in_the_United_States (accessed December 21, 2010).

  • Scope and Content

    The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, article clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared, 1976-1980.

  • Acquisition note

    The collection was transferred from USC's Education Library to Special Collections in December, 1991.

  • Related Archival Materials

    Paul Egly Papers (Collection 1282). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.

    The Desegregation Collection 1976-1983 (Collection 56). Available at the Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA.

    Los Angeles School Monitoring Committee Records (Collection 1291). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.

Components