Rupert Hughes was born in Lancaster, MO on January 31, 1872, and grew up in Keokuk, Iowa. He attended the Western Reserve Academy, and received a BA from Adelbert College, Cleveland, in 1892, and an MA from Yale University in 1893. His writing career began with a book for boys which was serialized in the highly regarded St. Nicholas magazine, and he was an assistant editor for several magazines. He eventually wrote more than 50 books. Hughes served in the New York National Guard during the Spanish-American War, as a captain in the Mexican border service in 1916, and in the infantry in WWI. He was active in the formation of the California State Guard in 1940, and was commander of the Second Regiment from 1941-43. He was an influential American writer on music and composer of piano pieces and songs. More than 50 movies were written and/or directed by Hughes or were based upon his stories and novels. He founded and served for decades as president of the Hollywood Writers Club, and also headed Screen Playwrights, the American Writers Association, and the Authors' League of America. He died in Los Angeles, CA on September 9, 1956.